There are 3 types of faults you can make:
- a dangerous fault – this involves actual danger to you, the examiner, the public or property
- a serious fault – something potentially dangerous
- a driving fault – this is not potentially dangerous, but if you keep making the same fault, it could become a serious fault
You’ll pass your driving test if you make:
- no more than 15 driving faults (sometimes called ‘minors’)
- no serious or dangerous faults (sometimes called ‘majors’)
If you pass your test
The examiner will:
- tell you what faults you made, if any
- give you a pass certificate
- ask you if you want your full licence to be sent to you automatically – give the examiner your provisional licence if you want to do this
Apply for your full driving licence within 2 years of passing your test if you do not want to get your licence automatically.
When you can start driving
You can start driving straight away when you’ve passed your test. You do not need to wait for your full licence to arrive.
Contact DVLA if your full licence has not arrived 3 weeks after you applied for it.
If you do not pass
The examiner will tell you what faults you made.
You have to book another test and pay again. You have to choose a date at least 10 working days away.
Appeal your driving test
You can appeal your driving test if you can prove that your driving examiner did not follow the law.
If you have proof they did not follow the law you can complain to the Driver and Vehicle and Standards Agency (DVSA)
If DVSA agrees with your complaint, your test result cannot be changed but you might get a refund or a free retest.
If DVSA does not agree with your complaint you may be able to appeal to a court instead.
Appeal your driving test to a court
You can appeal if you can prove that your examiner did not follow the law when they carried out your test.
Your test result cannot be changed, but you might get a refund or a free retest if your appeal is successful.
You might have to pay significant legal costs if your appeal is unsuccessful.
You’ll need to appeal within:
- 6 months of your driving test in England and Wales
- 21 days of your driving test in Scotland